- First, these are mentioned in the Constitution which guarantees them.
- These rights are justiciable, i.e. enforceable through courts. In layman’s terms, being justiciable means that in case of any of these rights being violated, the individual can approach courts for their protection.
If a government enacts a law that restricts any of these rights, it will be declared invalid by courts. The Indian Constitution guarantees six fundamental rights to Indian citizens :
(i) Right to equality
(ii) Right to freedom
(iii) Right against exploitation
(iv) Right to freedom of religion
(v) Cultural and educational rights
(vi) Right to constitutional remedies.